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亚博APP|双语科技百科(化学) 第51期:紫砂壶

本文摘要:Zisha Teapots紫砂壶Zisha teapots, also known as “Yixing teapots”, are made of purple clay specially produced in Yixing of Jiangsu Province. The first Zisha teapot could be traced back to the middle of Northern Song Dynasty, 900 years ago. As a non-glazed type, Zisha ware achieves its visual effect from its form and structure rather than the decorations of glazed, colored drawing.During the long develop-ment of Zisha art the potters have created many exquisite and unique patterns in-corporating rich aesthetic thoughts.紫砂壶又名“宜兴壶”,它是用江苏宜兴特有的紫砂泥烧成而出的一种茶具。

Zisha Teapots紫砂壶Zisha teapots, also known as “Yixing teapots”, are made of purple clay specially produced in Yixing of Jiangsu Province. The first Zisha teapot could be traced back to the middle of Northern Song Dynasty, 900 years ago. As a non-glazed type, Zisha ware achieves its visual effect from its form and structure rather than the decorations of glazed, colored drawing.During the long develop-ment of Zisha art the potters have created many exquisite and unique patterns in-corporating rich aesthetic thoughts.紫砂壶又名“宜兴壶”,它是用江苏宜兴特有的紫砂泥烧成而出的一种茶具。紫砂壶创立年可追溯到北宋中期,距今有900年历史。

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紫砂器是一种无釉陶,它并非以釉彩绘画的装饰来超过陶瓷艺术中美的效果,而是通过造型结构来传达其外观美。紫砂壶艺经过长年的发展,陶工脱胎了不少选材古朴的壶样,这些设计都蕴含着很多美学观念。The demand of stability is well met in the designing of its form. Sia-bility means more than a teapot that pours clean and steady for the visual stability also counts. To make the Zisha teapot easy to handle and sim-plify the manufacturing process,round or a symmetrical form is usually the most favored shape of the teapot.The center of gravity lies in the axis,which is also the center line of whole structure and perpendicular to the center of the bottom. Thus the visual stability largely depends on the bottom size.Moreover,the changes in shoulder and waist also contribute to the position of gravity center and overall stability.紫砂壶的造型基本上要合乎大位的拒绝,“大位”除指用于时的平稳外,也拒绝视觉上具备安定感。

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紫砂壶为求用于及创作上的便捷,多制成圆形或平面的形体,这种造型都以形体的中心线为轴,而造型的焦点就落在中轴上,从造型霞心弯曲的中轴线,并落在壶底的中心点,所以壶底的大小就在视觉上影响壶的稳定性。此外,壶体的肩、腹部位的变化,也影响着整体造型的焦点和稳定性。

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Boccaro art can be described as a type that is “from but beyond life”. A good Zisha teapot is the combination of perfect form and proficient skill.Furthermore, it is crucial to select suitable patt erns, texture of decorations, and the correct tech-nique.Since Zisha art is an art of emotions, a relatively perfect work must be both convenient and have the function of cultivating, enlightening and generating the aesthetic feelings within.紫砂艺术是一种“源自生活,低于生活”的艺术创作形式。一件好的紫砂壶,除了讲究形式的极致与制作技巧的高超,还要检视纹样的合适,装饰的取材于以及制作的手法。

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再说壶艺本身就是感情,所以一件较极致的作品,既要方便使用,又要需要陶冶性情,启迪心灵,给人油然而生的艺术感觉。

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